How To Explain Drug Addiction To A Child

How To Explain Drug Addiction To A Child?

Addressing the addiction can be tricky when it comes to children. To carry out a conversation that is more informative and less uncomfortable, a parent or an educator may use varied techniques.

  • It is highly advisable to educate yourself first before carrying out the topic to be discussed.
  • Educating your children regarding addiction is very important to clearly visualize the struggles of those individuals

Even though drug addiction is a scary thing to think about, it is still important to tell your child about it.

It is somehow uncomfortable to discuss with a young mind, but educating your child about it is a necessary thing to do to let them know of the bad effects of illicit drugs. It is also important to tell your child that addiction can be manifested in many forms and it can affect the whole life of the drug user in a variety of negative ways. Before starting the discussion about addiction, you should educate yourself first about the techniques of more effective message relay. Talking about the most important points and make the atmosphere less uncomfortable to your child. Also, be prepared for their questions if there are.

The topic of the discussion should vary based on the age group of your children.

The subtopics that should be considered in educating your older children regarding the matter should include peer pressure and recognizing a bad or unhealthy situation from a plainly stressful event. Also, highlight the ways on how to remove themselves from the negative situations and absolutely say no to drugs. Parents, more than anyone else, know how to best deal with their child’s disinterest or discomfort when discussing addiction. Therefore, be more creative in presenting them the facts.

It is traumatic to reveal the facts given that over 30 million Americans are currently struggling with drug abuse.

Economically speaking, the unproductivity and other devastating ways predict the price of addiction. Through the years, there have been thousands of lives affected and a million has probably been affected by traffic accidents that are substance abuse related.

The saddest part here are those children who are personally affected by the habit.

These children are often neglected and maltreated. When these children are approached wrongly, their perception of reality is will be altered throughout their lives.

Hundreds of researches have already been conducted for drug addiction and most of them are focusing on the long-term effects of substance abuse on the younger population. Numerous inmates have admitted that they were neglected as children, had a tumultuous upbringing, and abused physically, sexually, and verbally. Also, they were at the time already aware that there is someone in the family using the substance. This alone is strong proof that exposure to drug use is setting a powerful negative example to the youth.

A few children within the community grow up in families where either of the parent is into drug abuse. If you are a parent, remember that the cycle never ends, especially in people who were born into unprivileged homes and neighborhoods.

Treatment for Anxiety Disorder

Treatment for Anxiety Disorder

General anxiety disorder is a debilitating condition which affects millions of people worldwide. It is entirely treatable however, so always seek advice.

It is perfectly normal for people to become anxious from time to time, but sometimes a person’s worries and fears become so acute that the sufferer needs to present themselves at the doctor in a bid to get help. Once fears and worries take hold they can start to become self-perpetuating and the person suffering from the anxiety can easily find themselves in a cycle of anxiety which is hard to break out of – at this point help will be required.

Diagnosing General Anxiety Disorder

After a full physical examination, to rule out the possibility of a physical condition being the cause of symptoms, a doctor may inform an individual that they are suffering from an anxiety disorder. General anxiety disorder (GAD) will only be diagnosed when it has become apparent that a person’s fears and worries have reached a crisis point – so much so that they are finding life difficult, if not impossible. The doctor will attempt to pinpoint the patterns of anxiety suffered by the patient, in order to ascertain whether they have more days of acute anxiety than normal ones. If so, then will the condition will be determined to be GAD.

General Anxiety Disorder is Treatable with Medication

GAD is treatable in a number of ways. If the symptoms of the anxiety are quite severe, and interfering in an individual’s life, then medicines known as benzodiazepines may be prescribed. The names of a number of these benzodiazepines will be familiar to many of us – for example Valium, Ativan and Librium. Valium used to be the drug of choice for treating anxiety, until it became clear that it was exceptionally addictive, with patients suffering severe withdrawal symptoms when the medication is stopped. This is why these types of tranquillisers are only used as a short term measure. They are effective however and act quickly to minimise or remove the patients anxiety symptoms such as shaking and restlessness.

In the longer term, anxiety disorder treatments may involve use of antidepressants such as Effexor or Prosac. They need a certain length of time to take effect, quite possibly a few weeks, but there are fewer side-effects. Its worth sticking with them because they have been found to be highly effective for the treatment of GAD.

Therapy as a Treatment for General Anxiety Disorder

Whilst medication can be an effective anxiety disorder treatment, it is generally agreed that the individual suffering from the disorder should combine medication with some form of therapy. Drugs such as tranquillizers and anti-depressants, whilst effective at helping minimize the symptoms of anxiety do not address the causes of the condition. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is therefore often recommended to patients. This anxiety disorder treatment focuses on changing an anxious individual’s perceptions about the world, in a bid to bring their worries more in line with reality.

Biofeedback exercises and relaxation therapies have also been found to be helpful in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Deep breathing techniques are often taught as an addition to other forms of therapy, since the onset of anxiety is often signalled by a rapid heat beat and faster breathing. Being more in control of physical anxiety symptoms will delay and minimise the anxiety and – importantly – the fear of the anxiety.

Get Help for General Anxiety Disorder

Using a combination of prescribed medication and therapy its entirely possible tfor sufferers of GAD to get their lives back on track. Its important to seek immediate help from your GP who regularly sees people with this condition. The message is – dont suffer alone.

PTSD problem

Those Who Suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

When people think of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), most people think of war veterans, but post-traumatic stress disorder can happen to people who suffer from any kind of severe trauma in their lives.

Who Suffers from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTDS)

War veterans are the obvious sufferers of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but people who experience childhood trauma such as physical and sexual abuse, especially if the abuse was severe and repeated, suffer also. Those who have been involved in natural disasters, physical and sexual assaults, disasters caused by human actions, and witnesses of violence or death can have a difficult time also.

It is normal to feel stressed when living through or seeing a potentially dangerous event, but people with PTSD have a severe, prolonged reaction to the event, even when the danger is no longer present.

Signs and Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

There are common signs and symptoms of PTSD to look for. The stress the person feels may interfere with occupational, educational and social functioning. This can cause them to experience decreased concentration and appear pre-occupied and disinterested. The person may become easily agitated, anxious, exhibit low self-esteem, substance abuse, insomnia, suspiciousness, survival guilt, and intense fear of separation from those significant in their lives.

Other noticeable behaviors include an exaggerated startle response, hyper vigilance, sudden intense anger, and emotional numbness. Severe detachment from loved ones can be very frustrating to the family and friends and it is important for others to understand where this all comes from as the sufferer may seem disinterested in involvement with the people in their lives.

Some people who suffer from PTSD suffer from flashbacks of the event, which is a re-experiencing of the thoughts of the events. This may come out as dreams, intrusive thoughts and remembering the events when something triggers that memory. Flashbacks may seem very real to the person experiencing them. The sufferer may avoid anything that reminds them of the traumatic events. Intrusive thoughts and memories of the trauma can occur.

Types of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

There are two types of PTSD, acute and chronic.

Acute PTSD starts within 6 months of the event and lasts no longer than 6 months.

Chronic PTSD is a delayed reaction. Onset is longer than six months after the event and lasts longer than six months and usually is triggered by a severe life stress and/or illness. Chronic post-traumatic stress disorder is rare, but can be very dramatic.

There is Hope for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Sufferers

Talk therapy, also called psychotherapy is the most effective way for a person suffering to deal with their issues. There are also support groups out there to help. The point is that a person does not have to suffer from this forever.

Antidepressants and other medications can help. These medications are recommended only for short term use as they don’t address the actual problem, but can assist with the management of the symptoms of PTSD.

Techniques for Coping with Anxiety

Techniques for Coping with Anxiety: Some Helpful Activities to Complement Anxiety Treatment

Generalized Anxiety Disorder is more than simply feeling worried from time to time. As defined by the Anxiety Disorders Association of Canada, an anxiety disorder is categorized by a more persistent state of worry over the course of at least 6 months. This might lead some to ask whether they are suffering from an anxiety disorder or wonder what the term Generalized Anxiety Disorder actually means. The first step for anyone considering the possibility of anxiety having an effect on their life is to pursue a professional opinion. The second step will be to try and enact some change in one’s life, to help with the symptoms of anxiety.

One important thing to keep in mind is that what works will be different for everyone. Some may find the suggestions on this page to be very helpful, while others may have a list of items that work effectively from them. Whenever attempting to alleviate the stresses caused by an anxiety depression, social anxiety or any anxiety disorder, one should remember to discuss their plans with a doctor or counselor. Here are a few possible techniques for coping with an anxiety disorder.

Go For a Walk

The simple act of getting some fresh air and stretching the legs can do wonders for an anxious mind. In addition to stimulating blood-flow and being a healthy way to spend some time, going for a walk allows the person suffering from anxiety to work through the thoughts running around in their head. A common experience is to feel restless and excitable, and going for a walk will allow the person experiencing anxiety to burn off some of that energy and calm down.

Practice Meditation or Relaxation

There are a number of ways to approach the act of meditation, that is, to sit in one place and be quiet and contemplative for a period of time. It’s not necessary to sit in a certain pose or position to reap the benefits of meditation. Someone suffering from some form of anxiety needs only to find a quiet place to sit down. Although one’s mind may race while meditating, a good piece of advice is simply to let it run its course. In time, it’s likely that the anxious mind will calm. With it, the body will as well.

Talk to Someone

Part of the benefit of counseling is that it provides a helpful ear to listen to one’s worries or problems. A good friend, a family member or even a pet can serve as a counselor at times. Expressing feelings and trying to articulate what is going on for the anxious person will do a lot for reducing some of that anxiety. There are also various phone help lines that will help an anxious person work through their feelings. As an example, the National Institute of Mental Health’s Anxiety Helpline is 1-888-ANXIETY (1-888-269-4389).

Although these techniques may not provide a permanent solution to anxiety, they can serve to help people in their daily dealings with anxiety disorders. It’s best to consult a professional as soon as possible if one feels anxiety is having a negative effect on his or her life.

internet addiction

ddicted to the Internet: There Is Help for Those with Trouble Logging Off

The opening of a Washington-based Internet detox center–the first of its kind in the United States–draws more attention to global online addiction problems.

In 2009, ReStart opened its doors to Internet and video game addiction sufferers who could not handle it alone. The center is the first detox facility in the United States that deals with the growing online addiction problem, co-founders Dr. Hilarie Cash and psychotherapist Cosette Dawna Rae say.

Based in Fall City, Wash., a few miles away from Microsoft headquarters, the 5-acre, 6-bed retreat offers a family-style, therapeutic and Internet-free environment to help ween addicts off of cyberspace over a 45-day period.

Signs of Internet Addiction

Cash developed a list of Internet or gaming addiction warning signs. They include:

  • computer use that interferes with school or job performance;
  • craving more time on the computer and a restless feeling when that time is cut short;
  • physical changes like weight loss or carpal tunnel syndrome;
  • changes in sleep patterns;
  • inability to control online behaviors and associated guilt;
  • neglecting friends or family and being dishonest about the frequency of Internet activities; and
  • withdrawing from other activities to feel the rush of being online.

The presence of three or more symptoms is considered Internet abuse, while five or more put a person in the cyber addiction category.

According to ReStart’s website, often those most affected by computer addiction are those who play role-playing video games, like Blizzard Entertainment’s World of Warcraft. Text messaging can also become addictive if it is over-indulged in. Sometimes, the Internet also fuels other addictions, like gambling or sexual addiction, increasing the dependency on technology to get a fix.

Global Online Addiction Recovery

In China and South Korea, which have inpatient facilities that Cash and Rae based their program on, Internet addiction is considered the number one health danger. ReStart estimates that between 6 and 10 percent of the online population is addicted to the technology. A study by research group StudyLogic, published at, showed that of the 6,500 business travelers surveyed, 35 percent would choose their Blackberries over their spouses.

Because the web is worldwide, Internet addiction is not limited by geography. In fact, while American soil is filled with drug and alcohol addiction treatment centers, addictions to computers and technology have only recently started to be acknowledged. According to, some psychologists are petitioning for the disorder to be added to the addition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

It seems the even in a digital age, old adages still ring true: Everything is better is moderation.

caffeine addiction

Substance Abuse Now Includes Energy Drinks: Energy Drink Consumption Turning into Addiction

Energy drinks are now included on substance abuse lists. These beverages are consumed to counteract insufficient sleep, stay awake longer and to increase energy levels.

An alarming number of high school, college and university students are partying with their “Rockstars” and other energy beverages. According to Experian Simmons Research, this annual three billion dollar industry has more than doubled in the past three years, mostly among the young.

In the autumn of 2015, a vast number of drug abuse and addiction experts sent the Food and Drug Administration in the United States a letter urging that mandatory warning labels and restrictions accompany the marketing of energy drinks. A study conducted at Johns Hopkins University has many concerned with the very high content of sugar and caffeine in these beverages. There are numerous individuals, the young in particular, abusing these drinks to force their bodies to go against what they need.

Dehydration, alcohol poisoning, accidents, and addiction to the massive quantities of sugar and caffeine are some of the concerns experts find worrisome. For those whose abuse of these drinks have become an addiction, there are serious health concerns. In 2011 there were three deaths linked between mixing vodka with an energy drink.

Caffeine Affects our Health

Caffeine has been proven to cause:

  • Insomnia.
  • Nervousness.
  • Headaches.
  • Stomach pain.
  • Anxiety.
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat.
  • Muscle trembling or twitching.
  • Confusion or delirium.
  • Nausea and vomiting.

Too much caffeine produces effects that are similar to the effects of stress on the body. Anxiety, nervousness, jittery and being irritable are only some side effects. Dr. James Lane, professor of medical psychology at Duke University states that cardiac output, muscle blood flow, hormones and blood pressure are some of the physical effects on the body.

Caffeine, along with the very high content of sugar and sodium, is very dangerous for those who are diabetic or who have high blood pressure.

A recent study conducted at Northwestern University documented that more than 250 calls to a poison control center in Chicago, (over a three year period), were related to medical complications from caffeine supplements, including energy drinks. This study showed that 12% of these people whose average age was 21, were hospitalized as a result of caffeine abuse.

How Much is Too Much?

The following are samples of energy drinks with their approximate caffeine content based on 16 oz.

  • Full Throttle 144mg
  • Rockstar 160mg
  • Red Bull 160mg
  • Monster 160mg
  • Redline 500mg

It’s interesting to note that there are legal “power” rushes of caffeine. Redline’s high concentration energy drink that comes in a 2.5 oz container, puts 350mg of caffeine into the consumer. If one cup of Powershot is consumed, then about 800 times the caffeine content of one cup of coffee has been ingested.

By comparison, one cup of coffee contains about 135mg of caffeine and one cup of average black tea has 43 mg. The same quantity of green tea has 30mg of caffeine. An average can of cola has between 36 and 46mg of caffeine while diet cola’s average is 39 to 50mg of caffeine.

Health Canada states that a healthy adult should not consume more than 400-450mg of caffeine a day. A caffeine overdose can feel similar to flu-like symptoms.

Drink – But in Moderation

Like so many other things in life, moderation is the key to enjoyment. Energy drinks are fine once in awhile and some of these products do contain some healthy ingredients. Most experts will agree, no more than one a day, especially if other caffeine products (which include chocolates) are consumed in a day. Consume the drink so that regular sleep routines are not disturbed. It is also very advisable not to use energy drinks as mixers with alcohol.

ecstasy and teens

Your Teenager and MDMA (Ecstasy): Understanding the Party Drug

Teenagers are often highly experimental and risk-taking individuals. At times, their desire to try new sensations can lead to drug taking. Feelings of depression, anxiety or a need to fit in with a social group can also be factors in drug consumption. Along with alcohol and marijuana, MDMA or Ecstasy has become one of the most popular drugs of choice for adolescents. Understanding what it is, why it appeals to this age bracket and what the side effects are can assist you in determining how to deal with your teenager’s drug habit.

What is MDMA?

MDMA is the clinical term for the chemical substance more commonly known as Ecstasy, as well as Adam or the Love drug. It is produced in laboratories, sold as pure MDMA or mixed with other drugs from caffeine and amphetamines, to cocaine, heroin and speed. The substance works similarly to the drug Prozac in stimulating the seratonin receptors in the brain. According to the MDMA association, the drug “is usually taken orally as a tablet, a capsule or a powder.” The pills often look like candy. They have pictures or logos stamped on them to appeal to youth.

Why is it Popular?

MDMA is considered to be a party drug. It is usually consumed at large gatherings such as raves. <href=”#MDMA_abusers”>When someone is on Ecstasy, they can be suffused with feelings of warmth and emotional intensity. Teenagers report increases in energy, euphoria, talkativeness, high sociability and the capacity to dance or engage in sexual activity for an extended period of time. They can also experience a racing heart, a clenched jaw and nausea or dizziness. At times they hallucinate. The “effects of MDMA last 3 to 6 hours,” states the MDMA site, though teens will often take more than one pill to lengthen the effects. Additionally, the drug is cheap. One pill can cost as little as five dollars in Canada.

What are the Side Effects?

When on Ecstasy, the greatest danger for a teenager is dehydration. The drug saps bodily fluids and, as it is often taken in over-heated and crowded environments, the dangers of dehydration increase. Fainting or blacking out is also common. Over-consumption of water at these times can be deadly too, while alcohol taken in combination with ecstasy is to be avoided. For days after the drug is taken, your teenager may suffer from depression, difficulties sleeping and concentrating, and mood swings including bouts of aggression and potential paranoia. Long term effects for addicts can include liver or brain damage. A survey from the US Drug Enforcement agency “indicates that 6.3% of high school students reported using MDMA at some point in their lifetimes.” These statistics appear to be on the rise. If your teenager is using ecstasy, discuss counselling and anti-depressant options with them and your family doctor.

tobacco dangers

The Unseen Tobacco Scare: Things May Not be so Obvious in the Cigarette Industry

Cigarette and tobacco producers pledge settlements hidden from the public eye every year, but could never compensate for emotional losses and health issues of millions.

Tobacco industry giant Phillip Morris filed a lawsuit on February 28, 2008 against an Orangeburg, NY cigarette manufacturer in hopes of putting an end to the importation, distribution, and sale of apparently counterfeit cigarettes.

Speaking relatively, however, little is being done to diminish the production of cigarettes containing harmful material. Tobacco producers haven’t made much progress in finding alternative ways to make cigarettes healthier either, compared to the amount of legal action taken against consumers and competitors.

The court scheme centered on the Phillip Morris claim that Nice Pak Products, Inc used the Marlboro® trademark without any prior authorization. Prior to this action, US border authorities had seized counterfeit Marlboro® products from the small, New York City suburb company.

Charlie Whitaker, one of the vice presidents of Phillip Morris USA, pointed out: “This [lawsuit] represents the latest in a series of actions we are taking to protect our brands and the law abiding businesses that sell them from unfair competition.” (Philip Morris)

The action constituted a small opus of the symphonic efforts of Phillip Morris to track down and hunt perpetrators of the billion dollar cigarette industry. It is merely a featherweight bout among all the large-scale legal battles that the company has been involved against importers of counterfeit cigarettes.

Cigarette and Tobacco Producers and Lawsuits

Phillip Morris USA has filed a minimum of twenty-five other cases in states ranging from California to New York in the last four years alone. Tobacco litigation involves various cigarette manufacturers defending against claims of wrongful death, medical expenses and emotional injury.

Lawsuits have been introduced by government officials and by individuals from the general public alike—a legal surge that probably rose after Richard Doll’s study linking smoking to pulmonary defects.

Damages Involved with Cigarette and Tobacco Producers

Punitive damages have always accounted for the millions awarded to the plaintiffs when litigations are successful. Most of the verdicts though, however despising for the victims’ families and friends, are made in favor of the tobacco giants that can be analogous to middle-school bullies gaining the edge over the so-called bookworm.

That is exactly the reason for the increasing need for health programs and promotions on wellness issues surrounding the cigarette-smoking habits that have blanketed the entire world over.

The number of lawsuits filed against Phillip Morris are incomparable to the pile of legal actions the company pursued against counterfeiters, so a greater force that counteracts tobacco companies’ defensive nature may need to exist.

teen drug abuse

Teens and Drugs: How to Prevent Drug Abuse From Getting Worse Among Teenagers

Substance abuse and addiction is one of a parent’s greatest fears and discovering that a son/daughter has indeed been taking drugs, can come as a huge shock. The parent may be overwhelmed by feelings of disappointment and anger. Although this is a perfectly normal reaction, confronting a teenager with angry recriminations is not the best approach to use when tackling this problem. It is much wiser to show a willingness to talk openly about the issue.

Keeping Calm When Talking to Teens About Drugs

The most important thing a parent can do when attempting this difficult conversation is to remain calm and open to the teen’s point of view. If a parent feels too worked up and angry, it is better to postpone the conversation until he/she is calmer. An impossible task? It may seem so at first but it will surely deliver better results for the father/mother if he/she waits a few hours or even a couple of days.

Show interest in what the teenager is talking about. The teen has his/her own opinions on the subject and it is important to respect him/her. The actual use of drugs does not even have to come up in the first conversation. It’s important to try to understand why the teenager has been taking drugs and how he/she feels when they do it. At the same time, the parent should be open about his/her own feelings too.

A natural reaction would be to point out all the risks involved in drug abuse. And rightly so. But chances are big that the teenager does not want to talk about this and will quickly lose interest. Teens have a different set of values to their parents and simply do not see things in the same light. They think mostly in the here-and-now and fail to look at long-term consequences.

Dark predictions and arguments such as future health and dependency issues will most likely make no impression on an experimental youth. Be clear that experimenting with and using drugs has other consequences than merely affecting their health. It could have repercussions on their school work, lead to problems within their circle of friends and family as well as with the police and justice.

The starting point of a discussion about drug use and its repercussions should be the teen’s daily reality. Try to strike a balance between the teen’s world now and the effects of drugs thereon. It is important, though, that the adult sticks to his/her own point of view, and is clear about boundaries and rules. If the conversation becomes too heated, abandon it for the time being and take it up again at a later stage.

Concentrate on the Positives

During a conversation about a child’s drug use, it is crucial to keep sight of the positive things – what’s going well in his/her life, his/her positive qualities. Never forget there is a clear difference between the use and abuse of drugs. Not every user is an addict. Parents should not allow themselves to see their child purely as a drug user and nothing more. Not approving of a child’s behaviour (drug use) is important but make sure the disapproval doesn’t extend to the child as a person.

Discovering that a teenager is using drugs is a very frightening experience for any parent but there is a right and a wrong way to approach this. Keeping the channels for dialogue open is the right way. As difficult as it may be, always try going for this option.

crack addict

Can One Live with a Crack Addict? The Unlikelihood of Healing from Crack

Crack addiction devastates families, jobs, relationships and health. Unfortunately, treatment programs are rarely successful and tough love is the only true option.

Crack addiction is the most terrible drug dependency there is in North America today. Crack is initially cheap to buy, easy to prepare and smoke, and instantly makes the user into an addict. Once addicted, less than 10% of crack users stop smoking the drug for good and change their lives. The remainder continue to go on binges which destroy their families, health and futures.

Why is Crack so Addictive?

Unlike cocaine or heroin, which is usually snorted or injected, crack is smoked from a pipe. Those individuals who already smoke nicotine or marijuana, are already susceptible to readily falling into the crack smoking habit. If they are prone to other addictions, especially to social drugs like alcohol, then their transition to crack is that much more straightforward.

Crack is often very easy to obtain and a rock can be bought for as little as $40-60. Of course, the high only lasts approximately seven minutes, thus the user quickly needs more crack. Crack binges often persist for several days before the user runs out of money. Then they either start selling or pawning things, including their bodies, or they begin to steal. At times, they straighten out when the money is gone for at least a period of time. By this point, they may have fallen into sex trade work or pornography, addiction to other drugs and a state of uncleanliness, poor nutrition, weight loss and insomnia.

Crack rarely causes withdrawal symptoms, apart from irritability and other minor reactions, thus it’s easier for the user to convince themselves that they don’t have an addiction or that it isn’t a serious problem. Of course, over the long term, crack use can cause a devastating range of symptoms, leading inevitably to heart failure and death.

Can Crack Users Recover?

Those who love the addict who has turned to crack are faced with a terrible decision. Does one listen to the user’s pleas for assistance, help towards recovery, perhaps with a 12-step program, respond to their implications of guilt, have hope? Or does one reject them and attempt to create a new life apart from them? Many people will give a crack addict a chance. The first time they fall into the habit, it’s easy to believe that they are sincere in their desire to quit. They may go to rehab, change their routine, cut up their bank cards, destroy their phone books or make other vital alterations to prove to their partners and families that they wish never to return to crack.

However, the sad fact is that the majority use crack again, within weeks, months or years after quitting. A stressful event may trigger their renewed addiction, or a damaging personality disorder, but, in the end, there’s no excuse that a user can make for their deadly habit, no one they can blame but their own weakness that has lead them into using a drug over which they have no true control.

Love will not heal them. One has no choice but to leave and hope that when they hit rock bottom they will seek assistance and eventually live a normal life, to accept that their drug use is not one’s responsibility, regardless of how much one may care for the individual. Families and spouses get readily caught up in the user’s web of deceit, cruelty, lies, hunger for money, sex and power. Cut ties with the crack addict to survive.